1st US Inf. Div.
APO #1, U. S. Army
1st. Inf. Div.
6 June 1944
First wave was landed at 0635B 6 June and the second wave at 0636B.
The 16th Infantry and 116th Infantry were landed at 0635B. Word
was received by the USS CHASE at 0655B that the entire first wave
had floundered. The advance Division command post with the Assistant
Division Commander landed on Beach Easy Red at 0839B and opened
a temporary command post above the high water line below the top
of a shelf of coarse gravel extending along that part of the beach
and some casualties were suffered by the command post group and
the Military Police Platoon. The remainder of the advance Division
command post established a temporary command post aboard the control
craft PC 533 which was off Easy Red Beach.
message was received by the Naval Commander Western Task Force,
"First wave landed Dog Green 0635B, second wave 0636B, first
wave assault group O-1 landed 0635B, one LCA capsized, one LCT
(A) sinking with engine room flooded. Success signal for capture
of PONTE DU HOE was reported by V Corps". A report was received
at 0807B that "Returning boats reported floating mines near
the beach endangering landing; many boats swamped and many personnel
in the water".
vessel off Easy Red Beach reported at 0807B, "First wave
landed at 0635B, the seventh wave at 0735B, unable to determine
on waves between them, but believe they are evenly spaced and
on time". An Army intercept at 0811B from 3d Battalion, 16th
Infantry, stated that battalion had not landed yet and was moving
to the right.
The 50th Division
(British) notified the 1st US Infantry Division that the 69th
Infantry Brigade and 231st Infantry Brigade first landed at 0725B.
By 0827B, the 3d Battalion, 16th Infantry reported they were moving
forward and one and two sections had not landed yet.
was informed by control vessel Dog Red that obstacles were mined
and there was no chance yet to destroy mines by demolition.
the Division was informed by the Ranger Commanding Officer that
the enemy gun fire on exit D-G and an enemy battery behind Dog
Green were hindering the landing.
Commander notified Commanding General, 50th Division that progress
was slow, with fighting on the beaches.
Word was received
at 0930B that the Rangers had landed safely with heavy opposition;
the beach was not clear of obstacles and dangerous for LCA's.
At this time, the Division was told that one Allied squadron armed
with 2000 pound bombs was attacking MAISY battery, which was reported
by 0945B as being completely destroyed.
notified the Navy that enemy fire on beach Easy Red was keeping
LCI's from landing. At 0950B, the Assistant Division Commander
notified the Division Commander aboard the USS ANCON, "There
are too many vehicles on the beach; send combat troops".
Special Situation Report 1 to the Naval Commander, WTF, stated,
"The first wave landed Easy Red at 0635, Dog Green 0635 second
wave Dog Green 0636 and second through seventh wave landed Easy
Red by 0735. 3d Battalion 16th Infantry Regimental CP exit E-3
Easy Red and moved to the right. Unconfirmed reports from V Corps
report capture of POINTE DU HOE. Landing boat from USS JEFFERSON
reported mines and heavy seas. No enemy activity over convoy last
night. E boats expected north of CAPE LEVY". Combat Team
116 reported that they by-passed opposition on beach and were
moving forward slowly.
An Army information
radio message was received which stated "At 0900B several
companies 16th Infantry were seen on Easy Red and Fox Red Beach;
enemy artillery and machine gun fire was still effective; about
30 LCT's were standing by to land; obstacles seemed thicker than
in photos; Btry A 7th Field Artillery in DUKWS just arrived. LCI
85 was hit after unloading and is smoking; 2 LCT's are burned.
10 tanks are on Fox and landing resuming on Dog".
intercepted a radio message from CVER to the USS CHASE stating
that boats and vehicles were piling on beaches; troops were dug
in on beach; enemy held fire until craft beached. Fifteenth wave
landed 0840B; there were many LCT's and LCI's off beach, but few
LCVP's were available. It was reported by control vessels that
many wounded on Dog Red Beach needed immediate evacuation and
many LCT's were standing by, but could not be landed because of
heavy enemy shell fire on beach. The Division command post ashore
sent the Division Commander the following radio message: "Reinforce
2d Battalion 16th at once". At 1031B, the Division notified
the advance command post ashore "The 18th Infantry is landing
as planned; use where needed". The 18th Infantry was ordered
to reinforce 2d Battalion 16th Infantry at once.
Navy reported to the Division Commander that they could find no
targets of opportunity without endangering own landing and asked
for any information on right target for LCG. Later the Navy said
they believed the LCG(L) could lay down close barrage over heads
of troops on Fox Green Beach, if own troops had made no progress
in landing. Division Headquarters told the Navy not to fire the
LCG(L). The Division Commander was notified at 0959B by PC 522,
"First wave of DD tanks floundered on Fox Green Beach, second
wave incomplete and 22 minutes late and fourth wave dispatched
by primary red; 5th wave did not appear; 6th wave dispatched 15
minutes late; 7th no information; 8th dispatched and all landed;
9th sent late; only half of the 10th wave reported and those were
late; 11th wave dispatched on time; 12th wave only LCT's were
on time when dispatched".
the 16th Infantry reported no beach exits were open in the regimental
sector. At 1110B, the 2d Battalion 18th Infantry landed and rest
of regiment was on the way in; 2d Battalion 16th Infantry was
It was reported
at 1105B bt PC 564 that the 20th wave had just landed. The 16th
Infantry reported that exits would be opened shortly.
the Division requested the USS ARKANSAS to endeavor to locate
and destroy batteries impeeding the landing on beach Dog Red bye
heavy shell fire.
Easy Red radioed to the Division Commander that the Chief of Staff
Advance command post says, "Condition of Beach D-3, E-1,
E-3, F-1 still critical and beach between exits are drawing mortar
and artillery fire". At 1125B, beachmaster Easy Red notified
USS ANCON "Information is still incomplete; enemy holding
vigorously; combat troops needed; H/195 needed Easy Red Beach".
Infantry was ordered to clear high ground south-west past Easy
Red in 16th infantry sector, to coordinate with Commanding Officer,
Combat Team 16 Commanding Officer, Combat Team 18 and Assistant
Division Commander. At 1134B, the Division Commander instructed
the Beachmaster Easy Red and Easy Green to expedite calling in
115th and 18th Infantry Regiments.
to noon, the Division received information, "The fire support
on Easy Green Beach is reported as excellent and Germans are reported
leaving position and surrendering to American soldiers".
The 50th Division was informed that fighting continues on the
beaches and reinforcements were being employed. The Divison Commander
ordered control vessels to rush all infantry elements to beach.
noon, the Division was informed that Fox Green Beach was not securely
established yet. The Division Commander notified the Navy to instruct
beachmaster to request fire through Shore Fire Control Parties,
if possible. The Division Commander was informed that there was
a "jam-up" on Easy Green Beach; new outcropping of enemy
fire on right end of Dog Green Beach was slowing up progress.
At 1213B, the Division was informed that troops previously pinned
down on beach were advancing up heights behind Easy Red, Easy
Green, Fox Red and Fox Green Beaches.
The USS ANCON
informed the Division that Rhino Ferries were on the line of departure;
the beach was temporarily closed due to congestion and advice
USS ANCON was told by Beachmaster Dog Green that a large number
of 116th Infantry was still on Easy Green exit and Dog 3 was progressing.
Division Commander was informed by Commander LCT Flotilla 19,
"LCT 623 reported Easy Red Beach closed by enemy fire".
The Commander asked, "Do you intend to shell or shall we
continue to beach LCT's?". The Division intercepted a radio
message to V Corps which stated that enemy artillery was registering
on Easy Red Beach and firing when craft arrived there; believed
craft could be seen from church spire at VIERVILLE.
the Division instructed PC 552 to give priority to ships carrying
infantry. At 1300B, the Division Commander was informed by the
Assistant Division Commander that 2d Battalion, 16th Infantry,
had taken town at 1233B. At 1318B, the Commanding General received
a message from Beachmaster Dog Green stating "Beachmaster,
7th Beach Battalion, suggests 116th move inland; DG exit still
Headquarters received information from an intercept that there
was a general advance up the slop of Easy Red, and the advance
continued on Fox Red with some men moving on ridge toward PORT
The Assistant Division Commander reported to the USS ANCON that
no identification of the beach defenses was known; spasmodic artillery
fire was falling in the area; advance elements Combat Team 115
had cleared beach 1135B, 50th Division (British) was notified
that 16th Infantry was in COLLEVILLE-SUR-MER (687882); other units
were progressing slowly and beaches were not yet cleared of fire.
Commanding General instructed the LCG to fire on church steeple
the Navy informed the Division Commander, "Beach Dog Green,
White, and Red are entirely clear of opposition and ready to land
troops; no opposition on beach. Easy Green and Red troops are
ashore apparently waiting infantry reinforcements. All fire support
ships are waiting for target assignment on shore". At 1429B,
the Assistant Division Commander informed the Commanding General
that he had arrived on the beach 0830B; the situation was difficult;
information was limited; progress slow; liaison with combat units
only; radio out and wire going in at present.
The USS ANCON notified advance headquarters, 9th Air Force, that
the Commanding General, V Corps, requested fighter-bomber squadrons
attack batteries suspected south of L'AURE River, firing on beaches;
batteries could not be located from ground; gave L'AURE river
as bomb line.
notified the Navy that both Dog Red and Easy Green Beaches were
again being shelled. Division Headquarters was informed that an
enemy battery was infilading Easy Red Beach; seemed to be heavy
caliber from an undetermined direction, probably west.
1st Battalion, 116th Infantry, reported that they had about 30
casualties and men were pinned down on Dog Green Beach by sniper
fire; Navy fire was also a hindrance.
of Advance Division command post arrived on Easy Red Beach at
1530B. The Commanding General notified the Assistant Division
Commander that tanks from the Landing Ship Dock enroute to Fox
Green were attached to the 16th Infantry. Division Headquarters
was informed that the 2d Battalion, 16th Infantry, had passed
through COLLEVILLE-SUR-MER (684877).
two Ranger Battalions reported that there was no opposition in
their sector and other battalions were "OK".
command post group aboard the USS ANCON departed at 1700B for
Easy Red Beach. The Assistant Division Commander notified the
Commanding General that the Advance command post location was
676999 with contact by phone with Division Artillery and 116th
Infantry and by radio with 18th Infantry. Division Commander was
requested to land 26th Infantry as soon as possible. The USS ANCON
group arrived Beach Easy Red at 1900B.
five guns of the 7th Field Artillery Battalion were in position
plus some Cannon Company of the 29th Division and by 1655B it
was reported to the Advance Division command post that four guns
of the 58th Armored Field Artillery Battalion were ashore on the
the 115th Infantry reported the 1st Battalion had been sent to
116th phase line and 116th was not there; the 2d Battalion was
on the D-day phase line and the 3d Battalion was on a strong point
on D-3 exit. The 18th Infantry was told to continue the mission
of pushing forward to extend 16th right flank and report when
contact with 16th and 116th was made.
The 26th Infantry
landed at E-3 at 1930B. At 2010B, the 26th Infantry was given
the mission to move 1st Battalion behind the 16th Infantry with
2d and 3d Battalions "to clear out" ST LAURENT on the
right flank of the 18th Infantry.
the 1st Engineer Battalion was informed that if they were any
DD tanks located, the battalion was to give them to anyone needing
the 16th Infantry reported the regimental command post was located
on the reverse slope of hill, inland drom LCI(L) 457487 and the
2d Battalion, 18th Infantry was in COLLEVILLE. The Division received
a report that the Ranger Force had captured pillbox 588939 and
had 15 men wounded. The 18th Infantry Situation Report as of 2400
hours stated that the 1st and 3d Battalions landed at 1200 hours
with forward regimental command post and moved to assembly area
at 680895; The 2d Battalion took over the mission of the 2d Battalion,
16th Infantry; 3d Battalion was committed to the right of the
2d Battalion to take high ground in the vicinity of 666875; the
1st Battalion was in reserve and at 2345B hours was committed
to take over mission of the 1st Battalion, 16th Infantry.
(1) The situation
at the close of 6 June 1944 is shown on Appendices A (1) - Map:
GSGS 4250, 1/50,000, FRANCE, Sheets 6F/2, 7F/1, 6F/4, 7F/5 and
A (2) Overlay showing Progressive Movement Commencing D-Day.
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