Méautis in 1944 – Manche – Battle of Normandy

Méautis (Manche)

The cities of Normandy during the 1944 battles

Liberation: June 13, 1944

Deployed units:

Drapeau américain Combat Command A, 2nd Armored Division

Drapeau américain 4th Infantry Division

Drapeau américain 50th Fighter Group, 84th Fighter Wing, 9th Tactical Air Command

Drapeau américain 840th Engineer Aviation Battalion

Drapeau nazi Fallschirmjäger Regiment 6, 91. Infanterie Division

Drapeau nazi SS-Panzergrenadier Regiment 38, 17. SS Panzer-Division “Götz von Berlichingen”

History:

In the aftermath of the Normandy landing, the German paratroopers of the Fallschirmjäger Regiment 6 (91. Infanterie Division) set up a new defensive line to the south at Carentan and set up elements of the reserve in the Méautis sector. 8 inhabitants of the region, suspected by the Germans of having brought food to the American paratroopers who hide in the vicinity, are shot in the village of Méautis.

After their withdrawal south of Carentan, German paratroopers, reinforced by SS-Panzergrenadier Regiment 38 (17 SS Panzer-Division “Götz von Berlichingen”), counter-attack north on 13 June from 10 am Are stopped by the American artillery and the tanks of the 2nd Armored Division. Unable to pierce the front line permanently and suffered very heavy losses, the Germans retreated south of Méautis in the evening. The Americans seized the village a few hours later.

On 26 June, the SS launched a new offensive in the direction of Méautis, which again threatened the village, which was subjected to additional bombardments until the following day, 27 June, but the Germans were once again unable to achieve their objectives. They multiply the counter-attacks and the front line only slowly moves away from the commune. On July 12, 1944, General Theodore Roosevelt Jr., second in command of the 4th Infantry Division and the eldest son of President Theodore Roosevelt, suffered a heart attack during his siesta at Méautis after a grueling day of fighting. The German shells continued to touch the village until 18 July 1944.

Starting July 24, 1944, the sappers of the 840th Engineer Aviation Battalion built an aviation runway for the 50th Fighter Group (10th Fighter Squadron, 81st Fighter Squadron, 313rd Figther Squadron) on P-47 Thunderbolt. This airfield, called ALG A-17, is operational until September 15, 1944.

Méautis maps:

Image : carte du secteur de Méautis - Bataille de Normandie en 1944

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