Crab tank history:
support the infantry through the minefields on the ground operation
in Europe and the Pacific, U.S. military engineers decided to modify
their new tank, built from 1942, called M4
Sherman, which is not only used by U.S. forces, but also by
the British, Canadian and Free French forces.
The M4 Sherman
tank, which is by far not the best tank of the Second World War,
used a basic structure which allowed the installation of a number
Thus, the "Crab"
version emerged: it was a "mine hunter" which had two
metal arms in front of the tank and connected by a cylinder. Around
this cylinder, long strings touching the ground were attached.
with anti-personal or anti-tank mines, the chains would action the
explosion which would not destroy any part of the Sherman tank.
The tank was than able to continue its mission within the minefield.
"Crab" tank is one of the "Funnies", a nickname
given to the armored vehicles invented by the British engineer Percy
Sherman Crab tank sheet:
Length: 6,06 m
Width: 2,62 m
Height: 2,74 m
Weight: 31 600 kg
Maximum speed: 40 km/h
Range: 160 km
gun: 75 mm gun
Secondary armament: one 7,62 mm Browning machine gun for
the copilote and one coaxial 7,62 mm Browning
5 petrol engine 6-cylinder Multibank Chrysler A57, 425 hp at 2850
5 (1 tank commander, 1 pilot, 1 co-pilot and gunner, 1 radio operator
50 mm front, 38 mm rear, 38 mm sides
Turret shield: 75 mm front, 50 mm rear, 50 mm sides