1940, Winston Churchill wanted to equip Britain with new bombers.
The Lancaster was born at that time.
resistant and able to take off despite an important weight, the
Lancaster heavy bomber appeared as being the most efficient
aircraft of the Royal Air Force during the Second World War. That
is why 64% of British bombs dropped on enemy targets were dropped
by the Lancaster bombers.
The Lancaster bombers were also built under license in
the United States and in Canada. Armed with 8 machine guns to
ensure its self defense, the Lancaster accomplished during
the Second World War a total of 156,000 missions. 608,612 tons
of bombs were dropped and on the 7,377 bombers built, nearly half
were destroyed: 55,000 crew members were killed.
Lancaster was on of the only bombers able of carrying a ten ton
bomb. It was used in order to destroy dams. Hence one of the nicknames
of the crew members: the "dam busters".