LCVP (Landing Craft Vehicle & Personnel), was designed by
the American engineer Higgins, according to the plans of the old
landing craft called LCPL (Landing Craft Personnel Large).
The ship was designed in a pure logic of the expeditionary forces.
It had to carry a thirty-equipped troops or a light vehicle (Jeep)
and 12 infantrymen with their equipment. The LCVP quickly became
the most used landing craft during amphibious operations.
This flat-bottomed craft was capable of reaching 12 knots, and
its structure allowed it to change its trajectory very quickly.
During the Normandy landings, the U.S. forces have mainly used
LCVP, more manoeuvrable and better suited to an amphibious assault
that some wider and slower crafts such as the LCA (Landing Craft
Assault) for example.