LST (Landing Ship, Tank) was conceived during the Second World
War and produced from November 1941 to allow the allied forces
to land a maximum of heavy equipment without using any harbor
The LST were first used in the amphibious operation Torch in 1942,
in North Africa. The reports are very successful, thus the Allies
decided to reuse the Landing Ship, Tank, in their amphibious operations:
in Sicily, Normandy and during Operation Dragoon in Provence,
south of France. It was quickly nicknamed the Large Slow Target
by the American soldiers.
At the end of the Second World War in 1945, the Allies needed
only two months to build a LST. The Landing Ship, Tank, Mk2 were
used until the 60s and it took part in the Korean war.
last LST was withdrawn from service in 2002.