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Douvres-la-Délivrande in 1944 – Calvados – Battle of Normandy

Douvres-la-Délivrande (Calvados)

The cities of Normandy during the 1944 battles

Liberation: June 7, 1944

Deployed units:

Drapeau anglais N°41 Royal Marine Commando, 4th Special Service Brigade, 3rd Infantry Division

Drapeau anglais N°46 Royal Marine Commando, 4th Special Service Brigade, 3rd Infantry Division

Drapeau anglais N°48 Royal Marine Commando, [3rd Infantry Division

Drapeau anglais 5th Battalion The Black Watch, 153rd Infantry Brigade, 51st Infantry Division

Drapeau anglais 5th Assault Regiment RE, 1st Assault Brigade, 79th Armored Division

Drapeau anglais 22nd Dragoons, 30th Armored Brigade, 79th Armored Division

Drapeau nazi III/Grenadier-Regiment 736, 716. Infanterie-Division

Drapeau nazi 8. Flugmelde-Leit-Kompanie, Luftnachrichten-Regiment 53

History:

The town of Douvres-la-Délivrande in the Calvados is occupied in 1944 by the command post of the 12th Company under the command of the Hauptmann (captain) Hans Gutsche, belonging to the Grenadier-Regiment 736 (716. Infanterie-Division). The Germans installed two radar stations north and southwest of the village which were operational in the autumn of 1943 and nicknamed “Distelfink“. The first station, coded Stützpunkt I (Stp I), is equipped with four radars: two Freya FuMG 80 medium range and two Würzburg Riese FuSE 65 short range. These appliances are powered by generators installed in a specific type L486 shelter, 26.50 meters long. This support also houses the command post of the night hunting “Anton” installed in a construction type L479 with two stages which aims to follow the enemy squadrons and to calculate their trajectories. The second, coded Stützpunkt II (Stp II), includes a Wasserman FuMG 42 (for remote detection) radar built by Siemens and installed on a L480 type construction.

A total of 230 personnel of the Luftnachrichten-Regiment 53 Luftwaffe under the command of Lieutenant Kurt Egle are working there. They are assigned to the maintenance, operation and defense of these sites. The Frey radar is used for detection, while the Würzburg radar is an artillery fire calculator: the combination of these two technologies makes it possible to locate the enemy while simultaneously directing the shots against him. The two sites are surrounded by a large network of barbed wire.

At the dawn of D-Day, the Allied armed forces fired a shot at Dover-Delivrande, which partially destroyed the two radar stations. On June 6, 1944, the British commandos of the Royal Marine Commando (1st Special Service Brigade) were in charge of seizing the sites. But the difficulties they encountered in Lion-sur-Mer delayed them and Dover remained temporarily in the hands of the Germans.

The commune is under allied control as of 7 June 1944 but the radar station remains inaccessible. Anxious to continue the advance, the Allies decided to circumvent the position and prepare a plan of attack. Surveillance of this German resistance pocket is entrusted successively to the 80th Squad Assault of the 79th Armored Division, No. 48 Royal Marine Commando, the 5th Battalion The Black Watch and finally No. 41 Royal Marine Commando.

On June 17th, the Allies began the final attack of this resistance point with an important artillery preparation. Initially, several diversion assaults were conducted from the west and south by the 77th Squad Assault of the 79th Armored Division. Then the main offensive is triggered: four columns two AVRE tanks and a Crab tank belonging to the 22nd Dragoons and 26th Squad Assault of the 79th Armored Division advance from north to south. The soldiers of the No. 41 Royal Marine Commando follow in the wake. Several tanks are destroyed by mines and by anti-tank guns, but the demonstration of strength of the British pushes the Germans to surrender: nearly 200 soldiers are thus taken prisoner.

Today, 927 English soldiers, 180 Germans, 11 Canadians, 3 Australians and an 1 unknown soldier lie in the Douvres-la-Délivrande military cemetery.

Douvres-la-Délivrande maps:

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