Landing Ship Tank (LST) Mk2

History, technical sheet and photo

Image : Landing Ship Tank (LST) Mk2

Landing Ship Tank – LST Mk2 history

The LST (Landing Ship Tank) was designed during the Second World War and began in November 1941 to allow the Allied forces to land as much heavy equipment as possible without having port facilities.

The LST was first used during the Torch amphibious operation in 1942 in North Africa. The use and efficiency reports are very conclusive, so the Allies decided to re-use the Landing Ship Tank in their amphibious operations in Sicily, Normandy and Operation Dragoon in French Provence. It is quickly nicknamed the “Large Slow Target” by the American soldiers.

At the end of the Second World War, in 1945, the Allies needed only two months to build an LST. The Landing Ship Tank, Mk2 were used until the 1960s and also participate in the Korean War.

The last LST was removed from service in 2002.

Landing Ship Tank – LSI specification

Creator/User: United States of America
Denomination: LST Mk2
Number built: 1,051 (during World War 2)

Transport capacity: 2,100 tons of equipment or 20 tanks or 400 equipped soldiers
Maximum speed: 11,5 knots
Length: 100 m
Width: 15,25 m
Masse (loaded): 4,080 tonnes
Masse (empty): 1,625 tonnes

Armament: seven 40 mm cannons and twelve 20 mm cannons