LCA (Landing Craft Assault) was the basic landing craft of the
Designed and produced in 1939, this craft was the English equivalent
of the American LCVP
and could transport between 30 and 35 equipped soldiers on various
The Hull was flat bottom and made of plywood. It allowed to dock
closest to the dry sand. Armor plates could be added to ensure
the good resistance of the landing craft. But because of its weight,
the speed was the most objectionable caracteristic of the LCA.
It rarely reached the theoretical speed of 8 knots.
The soldiers went out the LCA the same way than for the American
LCVP. But before landing, the men had to pass through a security
door with two wings that offered additional protection to its
The LCA was widely used by British and Canadian troops during
the Normandy Landing, but also by the American Rangers troops
and some other units (at the Pointe du Hoc).