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Landing Craft Assault (LCA)

History, technical details and picture

Image : Landing Craft Assault (LCA)

LCA history

The LCA (Landing Craft Assault) was the basic landing craft of the British Army. Designed and produced in 1939, this craft was the English equivalent of the American LCVP and could transport between 30 and 35 equipped soldiers on various tasks.

The Hull was flat bottom and made of plywood. It allowed to dock closest to the dry sand. Armor plates could be added to ensure the good resistance of the landing craft. But because of its weight, the speed was the most objectionable caracteristic of the LCA. It rarely reached the theoretical speed of 8 knots.

The soldiers went out the LCA the same way than for the American LCVP. But before landing, the men had to pass through a security door with two wings that offered additional protection to its occupants.

The LCA was widely used by British and Canadian troops during the Normandy Landing, but also by the American Rangers troops and some other units (at the Pointe du Hoc).

LCA sheet

Country creator/user: Great Britain
Denomination: LCA

Propulsion: 2 Ford V8 engines of 65 hp each
Capacity: from 30 to 35 equipped soldiers
Armament : one 12,7 mm (.30 cal.) machine gun and two Lewis machine guns

Weight: 15,000 kg
Speed: 8 knots
Length: 12,50 m
Width: 10,10 m



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